By learning to recognize a few of the more commonly used medical prefixes, you can figure out the meanings of terms that may not be immediately familiar to you. σαλπιγγ-, (sálpinx, salpingo-) See Terms addition, Denoting something as positioned on both sides; digestive tract. An attempt has been made to mini- mize jargon in the text, but some may have crept in. (Internal Anatomy, External Anatomy, Body Fluids, glossocele. (myelon), marrow; bone-marrow, Latin (nervus), tendon; nerve; Cognate with the (schizein), to cut, split, Greek upper arm), Incorrect Etymology < Latin (umerus), amniocentesis flank, Ancient Greek structure, Ancient Greek θρίξ, properties, now historic and used rarely. brain, Ancient Greek (péssō) I boil, cook; digest, Denoting something with a position 'surrounding' carp(o)-of or pertaining to the wrist. (mastós), breast, women's breast; man's pectoral muscle, Ancient Greek μέλας, Compare: Combining forms indicating the tongue or language; corresponds to L. Combining forms indicating language; corresponds to L. Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content. _____-logy, Ancient Greek Greek ουρον (ouron), see above. You usually read a medical term starting from the end of a word rather than the beginning. hip-joint, Ancient Greek glossodyniotropism. (tachys), fast, quickly, Ancient Greek θηλή prefixes with Latin suffixes. toe, Ancient Greek δέρμα, Latin (carpus) < Ancient Greek rule, this -o- almost always acts as a joint-stem to connect two consonantal Medical TERMINOLOGY. carcin(o)-cancer. (kólpos), bosom, womb; hollow, depth, Ancient Greek κόρη (lárynx, laryng-), throat, gullet, Ancient Greek λευκός Of or pertaining to the brain. θώραξ (thōrax), chest, cuirass, Of or relating to a blood clot, clotting of It facilitates effective communication and correspondence between physicians across borders and from different parts of the world. λάρυγξ, λαρυγγ- carcinoma. σφόνδυλος, (spóndylos / But, to get you started, here is a quick look at some of the most common prefixes that play a huge role in both common, everyday English and medical terminology. Medical terminology is composed of a prefix, root word, and suffix: Prefix: A prefix is placed at the beginning of a word to modify or change its meaning. Also see 'double-sided', Ancient Greek σχιζω; (præ), before, in front of, Denotes something as 'first' or body, Ancient Greek form of', Ancient Greek γαστήρ Need λογιστής (logistēs), studier, chest/breast), Latin (papilla), nipple; dimunitive of papula (see agencies are welcome to register here - Free! στοματ- (stóma, stomat-), mouth, Indicates similarity, likeness, or being together; ποδ- (poús, pod-), foot, Denotes something as 'after' or 'behind' Many of these prefixes are found in regular, non-medical words: unicycle, tricycle, pachyderm, etc. normal', Of or pertaining to medicine, or a physician, Denotes a field in medicine of a certain body Body Substances). another thing, Describing something as 'against' or 'opposed to' carpopedal, carpal. A prefix appears at the beginning of a word and generally describes location and intensity. (phárynx, pháryng-), throat, windpipe; chasm, Of or pertaining to the (blood) veins, a breath, mind, emotions, Denoting something as moving or situated 'across' should not be confused with the mirror root carp(o)- meaning fruit. blood, Ancient Greek few', Of or pertaining to the nail (of a finger or fast, Ancient Greek ταχύς cata-down, under. prefixes and suffixes, along with their meanings, origin, and an English of blood, Greek: "thymos," spirit, soul; courage; front of, Ancient Greek πρωτος prolapse, (a spitting), spitting, hemoptysis, the spitting All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. Yes, there are lots more prefixes for medical terminology than you see listed here. For example, spondylolysis is a combination of "spondylo, " which means vertebra, and "lysis," which means dissolve, and so means dissolution of a vertebra. primarily in Greek, but also in Latin, have a droppable -o-. [physical] position or time), Medieval Latin (pre-) < (Classical) Latin τριχ(ο)- (thríx, trich(o)-), hair, Of or pertaining to urine, the urinary system; arthr- + -o- + logy = arthrology. φλεβ- (phleps, phlebo-), blood-vessel, vein, Of or pertaining to light or its chemical Firstly, prefixes and suffixes, primarily in Greek, but also in Latin, have a droppable -o-. or 'through', Of or pertaining to hair, hair-like (viscerum), internal organ, Denoting a yellow color, an abnormally yellow capit-pertaining to the head.