In this system of stratification, a person is born into a social ranking but can move up or down from it much more easily than in caste systems or slave societies. Mentioned below are the most common types of social stratification being followed in the society:- Some countries, especially the western societies, have a class system, where people in society are divided into three classes: upper, middle and lower class. The caste system is a system of social stratification in India, which divides Hindus into four main groups. Slavery was due to either heredity misfortune or military conquest (Larkin, 2015). Social stratification has historically been made up of four main systems: slavery, caste, estate, and class (Larkin, 2015). In tribal systems too, there existed hierarchy. Social Stratification David B. Grusky Department of Sociology and Center for the Study of Inequality Uris Hall Cornell University Ithaca, NY 14853 . The Indian caste system provides an example of a peculiar type of social stratification based on ascription. If each activity is associated with same type of economic returns and prestige, there will be no competition for different occupations. Types of Social Stratification Social stratification is classified into four basic forms, which are slavery, estate, caste, and class. Just as the name of each class suggests, The main types of social stratification include slavery, caste, estate, and class. Class is defined in terms of objective criteria such as economic power, while social class is defined in terms of subjective criteria, such as class consciousness. Each system has its own mobility, with slavery being the most closed and class the most open. Types of Social Stratification. Mentioned below are the most common types of social stratification being followed in the society:-1. What are the Functions of Social Stratification? There are many ways in which social stratification can manifest itself, based on different factors and elements. They are: (i) Inter-generational mobility: When changes in status occur from one generation to another, it is called intergenerational mobility. A distinction is sometimes made between the two terms. Social stratification refers to a society’s categorization of its people into rankings of socioeconomic tiers based on factors like wealth, income, race, education, and power. The Caste system. Class: There is a vast literature on the definition of class, or social class. There are many ways in which social stratification can manifest itself, based on different factors and elements. This movement in either direction is primarily the result of a person’s own effort, knowledge, and skills or lack of them. Apart from the above two broad types of social stratification, there are two other types of social stratification in terms of dimension of time. Stratification Structure: Form # 4. You may remember the word “stratification” from the geology class. The distinct vertical layers found in rock, called stratification, are a good way to visualize the social structure. Described as a form of primitive communism, generally the resources were equally divided among all the tribals. For the proper functioning of society, it has to work out some mechanism by which people engaged in different occupations get different recognition. It is a system of inherited inequality as the guiding principle in social relationships. Stratification is majorly based on the wealth of an individual.